A communication in writing, speech, verbal or non-verbal language. The message can also be an underlying theme or idea.
Patterns refers to use of language and style, which can be functional, decorative or social. They reflect the unique characteristics of a language.
Point of view
The particular perspective brought by a composer, responder or character within a text to the text or to matters within the text. It also entails the position or vantage point from which the events of a story seem to be observed and presented to us. When exploring this concept, students will, for example, consider positioning, voice and tone.
The purpose for communicating can be, for example, to entertain, to recount, to socialize, to inquire, to inform, to persuade, to explain, to instruct.
In literary terms, the creator’s intentions in producing the text. This concept could also engage students in exploration of meaning, thesis/argument, gender, age, bias, persuasive techniques, function, critical stance, message.
Structure refers to the organization, pattern and elements of text, in any format. It promotes comprehension and effectiveness of communication. For example, this may involve an introduction, development and conclusion (as in some types of formal essay).
A creator makes choices about what they are going to describe and how to describe it in order to create effect.
It is an umbrella term covering literary and non-literary features: linguistic devices (for example, rhetorical, syntax, repetition); literary devices (for example, symbolism, metaphor, simile); visual devices (for example, colour, texture, symbolism, foregrounding).
Theme refers to a dominant subject, thread or idea that is conveyed through a text form.
This concept relates to both a reader’s experience of a work of literature and a writer’s style when producing text. Voice is the characteristic speech and thought patterns of a narrator; a persona, which conveys his or her attitude, personality, and character.